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Forest Insect PopulationDynamics, Outbreaksand Global Warming Effects

By A. S. Isaev, V. G. Soukhovolsky, O. V. Tarasova, E. N. Palnikova and A. V. Kovalev
Copyright: 2017   |   Status: Published
ISBN: 9781119406464  |  Hardcover  |  
300 pages
Price: $225 USD
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One Line Description
This new approach to insect modeling discusses population dynamics’ regularities, control theory, theory of transitions, and describes methods of population dynamics and outbreaks modeling for forest phyllophagous insects and their effects on global climate change.

Audience
Entomologists, forest protection engineers, zoologists, students in forestry and zoology

Description
Research in insect population dynamics is important for more reasons than just protecting forest communities. Insect populations are among the main ecological units included in the analysis of stability of ecological systems. Moreover, it is convenient to test new methods of analyzing population and community stability on the insect-related data, as by now ecologists and entomologists have accumulated large amounts of such data. In this book, the authors analyze population dynamics of quite a narrow group of insects – forest defoliators. It is hoped that the methods proposed herein for the analysis of population dynamics of these species may be useful and effective for analyzing population dynamics of other animal species and their effects and role in global warming.

What can insects tell us about our environment and our ever-changing climate? It is through studies like this one that these important answers can be obtained, along with data on the insects and their behaviors themselves. The authors present new theories on modeling and data accumulation, using cutting-edge processes never before published for such a wide audience. This volume presents the state-of-the-art in the science, and it is an essential piece of any entomologist’s and forest engineer’s library.


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Supplementary Data
• Discusses the modeling of forest insect population dynamics by using autoregressive models and new method of describing and modeling forest insect population dynamics, based on the presentation of critical events in the population as first- and second-order phase transitions
• Introduces new approaches for description of forest insect population dynamics
• Includes methods for the analysis of forest insects population dynamics may be useful and effective for analyzing population dynamics of other animal species
• Is a must-have for forest entomologists, forest protection engineers, zoologists, and students in forestry and zoology


Author / Editor Details
Alexander S. Isaev, D.Sc. (Biology), Moscow; Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). The author of more than 300 published studies, including over 20 monographs on forest ecology and forest entomology. Awards: Gold Medal of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO), V.N. Sukachev Medal of RAS, and IUFRO George Varley Award for Excellence in Forest Insect Research.


Vladislav G. Soukhovolsky, D.Sc. (Biophysics), Professor, Krasnoyarsk. An expert in mathematical modeling of complex biological, ecological, social, and political systems. The author of over 500 published studies, including 16 monographs.

Olga V. Tarasova, D.Sc. (Agriculture), Professor, Krasnoyarsk. An expert in forest entomology. The author of over 150 published studies, including six monographs. Award: V.I. Vernadsky Award for Excellence in Ecological Education.


Elena N. Palnikova, D.Sc. (Agriculture), Professor, Krasnoyarsk. An expert in forest entomology. The author of over 100 published studies, including two monographs.

Anton V. Kovalev, Ph.D. (System Analysis), Krasnoyarsk. An expert in system analysis of ecological processes. The author of over 100 published studies, including one monograph.

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Table of Contents
Introduction xvii
1 Population Dynamics of Forest Insects: Outbreaks in Forest
Ecosystems 1
1.1 Approaches to modeling population dynamics of forest
insects 1
1.2 The role of insects in the forest ecosystem 4
1.3 The phenomenological theory of forest insect population
dynamics: the principle of stability of flexible ecological
systems 10
1.4 Classification of the factors of forest insect population
dynamics 12
1.5 Delayed and direct regulation mechanisms 14
2 Ways of Presenting Data on Forest Insect Population Dynamics
17
2.1 Representation of population dynamics data 17
2.2 Presenting the data on forest insect population dynamics
through changes in density over time 18
2.3 Presenting the data on population dynamics as a phase
portrait 24
2.4 The probability of the population leaving the stability
zone and reaching an outbreak density: a model of
a one-dimensional potential well 40
2.5 Presenting the data on forest insect population dynamics
as a potential function 47
viii FOREST INSECT POPULATION DYNAMICS
3 The Effects of Weather Factors on Population Dynamics
of Forest Defoliating Insects 53
3.1 The necessary and sufficient weather conditions for
the development of outbreaks of defoliating insects
in Siberia 53
3.2 Weather influence on the development of the pine
looper Bupalus piniarius L. outbreaks 55
3.3 Siberian silk moth Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschetv.
population dynamics as related to weather conditions 61
3.4 Synchronization of weather conditions on vast areas
as a factor of the occurrence of pan-regional outbreaks 64
4 Spatial and Temporal Coherence of Forest Insect Population
Dynamics 79
4.1 Coherence and synchronicity of population dynamics 79
4.2 Spatiotemporal coherence of the population dynamics
of defoliating insects in pine forests of Middle Siberia 83
4.3 Spatiotemporal coherence of population dynamics of
defoliating insects in the Alps 90
4.4 Global coherence of pine looper population dynamics
in Eurasia 94
4.5 Synchronization of the time series of gypsy moth population
dynamics in the South Urals 96
5 Interactions Between Phytophagous Insects and Their
Natural Enemies and Population Dynamics of
Phytophagous Insects During Outbreaks 101
5.1 Entomophagous organisms as a regulating factor in
forest insect population dynamics 101
5.2 A “phytophagous – entomophagous insect” model 106
6 Food Consumption by Forest Insects 113
6.1 Energy balance of food consumption by insects: an optimization
model 113
6.2 A population-energy model of insect outbreaks 127
7 AR- and ADL-Models of Forest Insect Population
Dynamics 139
7.1 An ADL-model (autoregressive distributed lag) of insect
population dynamics 139
7.2 A model of population dynamics of the gypsy moth in
the South Urals 145
7.3 Modeling population dynamics of the larch bud moth
in the Alps 155
7.4 Simulation models of population dynamics of defoliating
insects in the Krasnoturansk pine forest 164
7.5 Modeling and predicting population dynamics of the
European oak leaf-roller 172
7.6 Gain margin of the AR-models of forest insect population
dynamics 176
8 Modeling of Population Dynamics and Outbreaks of Forest
Insects as Phase Transitions 183
8.1 Models of phase transitions for describing critical
events in complex systems 183
8.2 Population buildup and development of an outbreak
of forest insects as a first-order phase transition 185
8.3 Possible mechanisms of the development of forest insect
outbreaks 192
8.4 Colonization of the tree stands by forest insects as a second-
order phase transition 194
8.5 Risks of elimination of the population from the community
201
9 Forecasting Population Dynamics and Assessing the Risk
of Damage to Tree Stands Caused by Outbreaks of Forest
Defoliating Insects 207
9.1 Methods of forecasting forest insect population dynamics
207
9.2 Long-term forecast of population dynamics of defoliating
insects 217
9.3 Assessment of the maximum risk of damage to tree
stands caused by insects 223
9.4 Modeling and forecasting of eastern spruce budworm
population dynamics 225
10 Global Warming and Risks of Forest Insect Outbreaks 233
10.1 Climate change and forest insect outbreaks in the Siberian
taiga 233
x FOREST INSECT POPULATION DYNAMICS
10.2 Stress testing of insect impact on forest ecosystems under
different scenarios of climate changes in the Siberian
taiga 236
10.3 Risks of outbreaks of forest insect species with the stable
type of population dynamics 244
Conclusion 251
References 255
Index 285

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BISAC SUBJECT HEADINGS
SCI025000 : SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Zoology / Entomology
TEC058000 : TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Pest Control
NAT017000 : NATURE / Animals / Insects & Spiders
 
BIC CODES
PSVT7: Insects (entomology)
RGBR: Forests, rainforests
RNPD: Deforestation

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