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The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering Volume 2

Theories and Solutions
By M.R. Islam, Jaan Islam, Gary M. Zatzman, M. Safiur Rahman, and M.A.H. Mughal
Series: The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering
Copyright: 2016   |   Status: Published
ISBN: 9781119159674  |  Hardcover  |  
368 pages
Price: $225 USD
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One Line Description
This second volume in the four-volume set offers new solutions and theories to address the issues set out in volume one, covering some of the most controversial issues in the pharmaceutical industry, and laying out new, greener processes for engineers, scientists, and students to move the pharmaceutical industry into sustainability.

Pharmacists, engineers, scientists, and researchers in the pharmaceutical industry, students and faculty in chemical engineering and medical departments.

This is the second volume in a four-volume series aimed at guiding the pharmaceutical industry toward sustainability. After analyzing and exposing some of the backward and ill-conceived notions that guide the present state of the industry, this volume presents key theories and new, groundbreaking solutions for re-thinking the processes involved in the engineering of pharmaceuticals and offers a fundamental paradigm shift.

The 4 volumes in this ambitious project are:
• Volume 1: Practice, Analysis, and Methodology
• Volume 2: Theories and Solutions
• Volume 3: Applications for Mental Disorder Treatments
• Volume 4: Applications for Physical Disorder Treatments

This ground-breaking set of books is a unique and state-of-the-art study that only appears here, within these pages. A fascinating study for the engineer, scientist, and pharmacist working in the pharmaceutical industry and interested in sustainability, it is also a valuable textbook for students and faculty studying these subjects.

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Author / Editor Details
M. R. Islam, PhD is a world-wide consultant on environment and energy-related issues. Dr. Islam is known as the most published engineer in the world. He is credited to have coined terms, such as “green petroleum” and “sustainable petroleum development” at a time when “sustainable petroleum” was considered to be an oxymoron. Dr. Islam’s most notable contributions are in the areas of sustainability, environmental integrity, and knowledge modeling, on which topic he has written dozens of books and over 700 research papers.

Jaan S. Islam has been active in research on the topics of science and social science. He is a co-author of the theory of mass, energy, time, and human thought material that formed the core of a number of books, including the current series. His previous works include Reconstituting the Curriculum (with M.R. Islam & Gary Zatzman).

Gary M. Zatzman has decades of investigative journalism and research experience, dozens of articles in technical journals, and four previously published books: Sustainable Resource Development, Sustainable Energy Pricing, Economics of Intangibles (with M.R. Islam), and Reconstituting the Curriculum (with M.R. & J.S. Islam).

M. Safiur Rahman, PhD is the principal scientific officer at Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission in the field of environmental engineering. Since 2000, Dr. Rahman has been carrying out research works related to the distribution of toxic trace elements in surface and ground water, food chains and the environment for many government agencies and has published over 100 scientific articles and several books.

M.A.H. Mughal is a prominent philanthropist, author, speaker, mentor and a business consultant with 22 years of global experience with some of the world’s top companies. He is the author of many articles and is a Chartered Fellow of the British Computer Society and holds many professional designations.

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Table of Contents
Preface ix
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Opening Statement 1
1.2 Th e Way Out: How Do We Make Use of
Existing Knowledge? 1
1.3 Th e Driver of the Knowledge Model 3
1.4 Th e Proof of the Pudding is in the Eating! 7
1.5 Th e Proof is in the Pudding 8
1.6 Summary of Introduction 9
2 Th e Nature-Science Approach: Some Further Consequences 11
2.1 Cognitive Dissonance 11
2.1.1 Summary Remarks about Th eories that
Disconnect Conscience from Humanity 11
2.2 Foods for Th ought 12
2.2.1 Artifi cial Food Addiction 12
2.2.2 Organic and Mechanical Frequencies 13
2.3 Example from CCD Analysis 17
2.4 A New Approach to Product Characterization 22
2.5 A New Paradigm 25
2.5.1 Violation of Characteristic Time 25
2.5.2 Observation of Nature: Importance of Intangibles 25
2.5.3 Analogy of Physical Phenomena 28
2.5.4 Intangible Cause to Tangible Consequence 28
2.5.5 Removable Discontinuities: Phases and
Renewability of Materials 30
2.5.6 Redefi ning Force and Energy 37 Force 37 Energy 38
2.6 What is a Natural Energy Source? 42
2.7 Th e Science of Water and Oil 47
2.7.1 Comparison between Water and Petroleum 50
2.7.2 Combustion and Oxidation 65
2.7.3 Natural Energy vs. Artifi cial Energy 67
2.8 From Natural Energy to Natural Mass 72
2.9 Avalanche Th eory of Mass and Energy 98
2.10 Aims of Modeling Natural Phenomena 106
2.11 Simultaneous Characterization of Matter
and Energy 108
2.12 Implications 110
2.13 Consequences of Nature-Science for Classical Set
Th eory and Conventional Notions of Mensuration 114
2.14 Conclusions 116
2.14.1 Need for a Change 116
2.14.2 Th e Nature Science Approach 117
3 A Knowledge-Based Cognition Model 119
3.1 Abstract 119
3.2 Introduction 120
3.3 Th e Current Cognitive Model 125
3.3.1 Policy-Making and the Aphenomenal Model 126
3.3.2 Th e Aphenomenal Model in ‘Science’ 132 Example 1: Aphenomenal Time
Function 134
3.3.3 Fear and Perception 148
3.4 What is Human Th ought Material (HTM)? 151
3.5 Knowledge through Experience or
Delinearized History? 154
3.6 HTM from the Standpoint of Nature-Science 156
3.6.1 Cognition with Conscious and
Conscientious Participation 156
3.7 Th e Basic Quantum of HTM 157
3.8 Freedom of Intention 169
3.8.1 Th e Knowledge-Based Cognition Process 171
3.9 Conclusions 177
4 Implications of a Comprehensive Material Balance
Equation for Detecting Causes of Medical Disorders 179
4.1 Summary 179
4.2 Introduction 180
4.3 Paradox and New Science 183
4.3.1 Obesity Paradox 184
4.3.2 Obesity/Mortality Paradox 184
4.3.3 Simpson’s Paradox 184
4.3.4 Low Birth Weight Paradox 187
4.3.5 Prevention Paradox 188
4.3.6 Th e Novelty Paradox 189
4.3.7 Th e Paradox of Worsening Conditions
with Medications 190
4.3.8 Th e Prostate Paradox 192
4.3.9 Th e Health-Lifespan Paradox 192
4.3.10 Smoker’s Paradox 193
4.3.11 Paradox of the Natural 193
4.3.12 Th e French Paradox 194
4.3.13 Paradox of Aging 194
4.3.14 Paradox of Translational Medicine 194
4.3.15 Peto’s Paradox 195
4.3.16 TGF-β Paradox 195
4.3.17 Hispanic Paradox 195
4.4 Origin of Paradox: Implication of
Probability Assumptions 196
4.4.1 Probability of Creation and Life 199
4.5 A Word About Inductive and Conductive Rules 201
4.6 Deconstructing Game Th eory 208
4.6.1 Impact of the Deliberate “Hunger Game” 226
4.6.2 Th e Prisoner’s Dilemma 237
4.7 Towards Explaining Phenomena 253
4.7.1 Blood-Brain Barrier and Cancer 253
4.7.2 New Drug that Works on Cells that Mutate
Faster and Works on Smokers 254
4.7.3 Wireless Energy Transfer 256
4.7.4 “Curing” Colorblindness 258
4.7.5 Surgical Intervention—Recapitulating the
HSSA Model 260
4.7.6 Editing Embryo: To Engineer or Not to Engineer 264
4.7.7 From ‘Original Sin’ to ‘Original’ Lunacy 265
4.7.8 Teenagers’ Heavy Pot Smoking Tied to Memory
Problems (or “How Many Angels can Dance
on the Head of a Pin” Updated) 268
4.7.9 Cigarettes – Even a Fetus can Tell
What’s Harmful 269
4.7.10 Water, or: Commodifi cation of the Most
Abundant Fluid on Earth 271
4.7.11 Accelerating in Reverse 273
4.7.12 Recycling the “Hunger Games” Mantra 276
4.7.13 Th e Ultimate of ‘Original Sin’ 278
4.7.14 Fift een Immune-System Boosting Foods
(via WebMD) 282 Elderberry 282 Acai Berry 282 Oysters 282 Watermelon 283 Cabbage 283 Almonds 283 Grapefruit 283 Wheat Germ 283 Low-Fat Yogurt 283 Garlic 284 Spinach 284 Tea 284 Sweet Potato 284 Broccoli 284 Button Mushrooms 284
4.7.15 OK for Food… But Not Pets? 285
5 Conclusion and Recommendation 287
5.1 Th e Importance of Being Earnest About
Cognition versus Perception 287
5.2 HSSAN Degradation 288
5.3 Greening of Pharmaceutical Industry 289
5.3.1 Phases of Life 289
5.3.2 Recognize the Stimulant 290
5.3.3 Remove Negative Stimulant in Order to
Reverse the Symptoms 290
5.3.4 Replacement of Artifi cial with Natural 291
5.3.5 Medicines and Th erapies with
Natural Substitutes 291
5.3.6 Mental Conditioning and Staged Prevention 291
References and Bibliography 295
Appendix 319
Index 353

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MED071000: MEDICAL / Pharmacology
TEC009010: TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
SCI013060: SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TDCW: Pharmaceutical technology
MMG: Pharmacology
RNU: Sustainability

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