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Reactions and Mechanisms in Thermal Analysis of Materials

Edited by Atul Tiwari and Baldev Raj
Series: Materials Degradation and Failure
Copyright: 2015   |   Status: Published
ISBN: 9781119117575  |  Hardcover  |  
608 pages | 251 illustrations
Price: $225 USD
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One Line Description
Provides comprehensive and in-depth information on the reactions and their mechanisms that occur during the degradation of materials when subjected to high temperature conditions.

Audience
This book will serve as a one-stop solution for materials science researchers, engineers, and technologists from diverse backgrounds in chemistry, physics, biology, materials science and engineering, including chemical engineering, who need to know why and how their materials fail abruptly in certain service environments.

Description
Strong bonds form stronger materials. For this reason, the investigation on thermal degradation of materials is a significantly important area in research and development activities. The analysis of thermal stability can be used to assess the behavior of materials in aggressive environmental conditions, which in turn provides valuable information about the service lifespan of the material.

The unique and specific approach taken by this book focuses on the mechanism of degradation of materials, unlike other books published so far that have focused on either the fundamentals of thermal analysis or the degradation patterns of the materials. The mechanism of rapturing of chemical bonds as a result of exposure to high-temperature environment is difficult to study and resulting mechanistic pathway hard to establish. Limited information is available on this subject in the published literature and difficult to locate.

Reactions and Mechanisms in Thermal Analysis of Advanced Materials consists of 22 chapters written by international subject matter experts investigating the reactions and associated mechanisms observed in advanced and traditional materials as a function of time and temperature. The book is divided into two parts: the first part containing information about degradation of polymeric materials, and the second part devoted to materials other than polymers. Each chapter discusses the material, its possible application, behavior of chemical entities when exposed to high-temperature environment and mode and the mechanistic route of its decomposition. Such information is critical when selecting the chemical ingredients during the synthesis or development of new materials technology.
The reader will develop a deeper understanding of the degradation patterns in advanced next generation materials and will be able to devise the mechanistic routes of decomposition in their materials based on these robust insights.

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Author / Editor Details
Atul Tiwari currently serves as Director, Research and Development at Pantheon Chemicals Company in Phoenix, USA. Previously, Dr. Tiwari has served as research faculty member in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Hawaii, USA. He received his PhD in Polymer Materials Science and second master degree in Mechanical Engineering along with the bestowed Chartered Chemist and Chartered Scientist status from the Royal Society of Chemistry, UK. Being an organic chemist and mechanical engineer his research work tends to bridge the gap between the science and engineering. Dr.Tiwari has published more than 70 peer reviewed research publications including 15 books, as well as 6 international patented/pending technologies that have been transferred to industry. His area of research interest includes the development of smart materials including silicones, graphene and bio-inspired biomaterials for industrial applications.

Baldev Raj is currently Director, National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore after serving as Director of Indira Gandhi Centre of Atomic Research. He has pioneered the application of NonDestructive Evaluation (NDE) for basic research using acoustic and electromagnetic techniques in a variety of materials and components and is an acknowledged expert in Materials, Fast Spectrum Reactors with Closed Fuel Cycle, Heritage and Education. He has been Past-President of the International Institute of Welding and the Indian National Academy of Engineering. He has authored more than 960 publications in refereed journals, 79 books and special journal issues, more than 39 contributions to encyclopaedia and handbooks, and is the owner of 29 patents. He has been recognized with more than 100 international and national awards.

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Table of Contents
Preface
Part 1: Degradation of Polymers
1 Thermal Stability of Organic Monolayers Covalently Grafted on Silicon Surfaces
Florent Yang, Philippe Allongue, François Ozanam and Jean-Noël Chazalviel

2 Thermal Analysis to Discriminate the Stability of Biomedical Ultrahigh-Molecular-Weight Polyethylenes Formulations
María José Martínez-Morlanes and Francisco Javier Medel

3 Materials Obtained by Solid-State Thermal Decomposition of Coordination Compounds and Metal–Organic Coordination Polymers
Oana Carp

4 Methods for Limiting the Flammability of High-Density Polyethylene with Magnesium Hydroxide
Joanna Lenża, Maria Sozańska and Henryk Rydarowski

5 Thermal Analysis in the Study of Polymer (Bio)-degradation
Joanna Rydz, Marta Musioł and Henryk Janeczek

6 Thermal and Oxidative Degradation Behavior of Polymers and Nanocomposites
Gauri Ramasubramanianand Samy Madbouly

7 Thermal Degradation Effects on Polyurethanes and Their Nanocomposites
Ivan Navarro-Baena, Marina P. Arrieta, Alicia Mujica-Garcia, Valentina Sessini, José M. Kenny and Laura Peponi

8 Controllable Thermal Degradation of Thermosetting Epoxy Resins
Zhonggang Wang

9 Mechanism of Thermal Degradation of Vinylidene Chloride Barrier Polymers
Bob A. Howell

10 Role of Mass Spectrometry in the Elucidation of Thermal Degradation Mechanisms in Polymeric Materials
Paola Rizzarelli and Sabrina Carroccio

11 The Mechanism of Poly(styrene) Degradation
Bob A. Howell

12 The Use of Thermal Volatilization Analysis of Polylactic Acid and Its Blends with Starch
Derval dos Santos Rosa, Claudio Roberto Passatore, and Jose Ricardo Nunes de Macedo

Part 2: Degradation of Other Materials
13 Reaction Mechanisms in Thermal Analysis of Amazon Oilseeds
Orquídea Vasconcelos dos Santos, Carlos Emmerson and Suzana Caetano da Silva Lannes

14 Thermal Degradation of Cellulose and Cellulosic Substrates
Jenny Alongi and Giulio Malucelli

15 Thermal Decomposition Behavior of Sodium Alkoxides of Relevance to Fast Reactor Technology
K. Chandran, M. Kamruddin, S. Anthonysamy and V. Ganesan

16 Thermal Degradation and Morphological Characteristics of Bone Products
F. Miculescu, A. Maidaniuc, G.E. Stan, M. Miculescu, S.I. Voicu, L.T.Ciocan

17 Processes and Mechanisms in Hydrothermal Degradation of Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment
Yu Luling, He Wenzhi and Li Guangming

18 Heat Transfer Mechanism and Thermomechanical Analysis of Masonry Structures (Mortars and Bricks) Subjected to High Temperatures
M.E. Maciá Torregrosa and J. Camacho Diez

19 Application of Vibrational Spectroscopy to Elucidate Protein Conformational Changes Promoted by Thermal Treatment in Muscle-Based Food
A.M. Herrero, P. Carmona, F. Jiménez-Colmenero and C. Ruíz-Capillas

20 Thermal Activation of Layered Hydroxide-Based Catalysts
Milica Hadnadjev-Kostic, Tatjana Vulic and Radmila Marinkovic-Neducin

21 Thermal Decomposition of Natural Fibers: Kinetics and Degradation Mechanisms
Matheus Poletto, Heitor L. Ornaghi Júnior and Ademir J. Zattera


22 On the Kinetic Mechanism of Non-isothermal Degradation of Solids
Lyubomir T. Vlaev, Velyana G. Georgieva, and Mariana P. Tavlieva
Index


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