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Coal-Fired Power Generation Handbook

By James G. Speight
Series: Power Generation
Copyright: 2013   |   Expected Pub Date:March 2013//
ISBN: 9781118208465  |  Hardcover  |  

Price: $249 USD
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One Line Description
The most complete and up-to-date handbook on power generation from coal, this book covers all of today’s new, cleaner methods for creating electricity from coal, the environmental challenges and concerns involved in its production, and developing technologies.

Audience
Any engineer, manager, or technician working in the coal industry.

Description
Coal accounts for approximately one quarter of world energy consumption and of the coal produced worldwide approximately 65% is shipped to electricity producers and 33% to industrial consumers, with most of the remainder going to consumers in the residential and commercial sectors. The total share of total world energy consumption by coal is expected to increase to almost 30% in 2035.

This book describes the challenges and steps by which electricity is produced form coal and deals with the challenges for removing the environmental objections to the use of coal in future power plants. New technologies are described that could virtually eliminate the sulfur, nitrogen, and mercury pollutants that are released when coal is burned for electricity generation. In addition, technologies for the capture greenhouse gases emitted from coal-fired power plants are described and the means of preventing such emissions from contributing to global warming concerns.


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Author / Editor Details
James G. Speight is a senior fuel consultant and Visiting Professor at the University of Trinidad and Tobago and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Fuels Engineering at the University of Utah, USA. He is recognized internationally as an expert in the characterization, properties, and processing of conventional and synthetic fuels and has more than 40 years of experience in the process industries. He is the author of numerous books and papers, the senior editor on the Journal of Sustainable Energy Engineering, and he has won numerous awards and distinctions.

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Occurrence and Resources
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Origin of Coal
3.0 Occurrence
4.0 Coal Utilization and Coal Types
4.1 Lignite
4.2 Subbituminous Coal
4.3 Bituminous Coal
4.4 Anthracite
5.0 Resources
6.0 Reserves
6.1 Proven Reserves
6.2 Inferred Reserves
6.3 Potential Reserves
6.4 Undiscovered Reserves
6.5 Other Definitions
7.0 References

Chapter 2: Classification
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Classification Systems
2.1 Geological Age
2.2 Banded Structure
2.3 Rank
2.4 Coal Survey (National Coal Board, U.K.)
2.5 International System
2.6 Coal as an Organic Rock
2.7 A Hydrocarbon Resource
3.0 Coal Petrography
3.1 Vitrinite Group
3.2 Liptinite Group
3.3 Inertinite Group
4.0 Correlation of the Various Systems
5.0 References

Chapter 3: Recovery, Preparation, and Transportation
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Coal Recovery
2.1 Surface Mining
2.1.1 Strip Mining
2.1.2 Open Pit Mining
2.1.3 Contour Mining
2.1.4 Auger Mining
2.1.5 Mountain Top Removal
2.2 Underground Mining
3.0 Coal Preparation
4.0 Size Reduction
4.1 Rotary Breaker
4.2 Roll Crusher
4.3 Hammer Mill
4.4 Impactor
4.5 Tumbler
5.0 Coal Cleaning
5.1 Effect of Composition and Rank
5.2 Methods
5.2.1 Dense Media Washing
5.2.2 Pneumatic Cleaning
5.2.3 Jig-Table Washing
5.2.4 Water Clarification
5.2.5 Other Processes
6.0 Coal Drying
6.1 Rotary Dryers
6.2 Fluidized Bed Dryers
6.3 Microwave Dryers
6.4 Screw Conveyer Dryers
6.5 Superheated Steam Dryers
7.0 Desulfurization
8.0 Transportation
8.1 Unit Train
8.2 Barge
8.3 Pipeline
8.4 Truck
8.5 Ocean
8.6 Conveyer Belt
9.0 References

Chapter 4: Coal Storage
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Oxidation and Spontaneous Ignition
2.1 Oxidation and Rank
2.2 Pyrite
2.3 Other Minerals
2.4 Coal Size and Stockpile Ventilation
2.5 Moisture Content
2.6 Time Factor
3.0 Mechanism of Spontaneous Ignition
4.0 Stockpiling
4.1 Stockpile Construction
4.1.1 The Windrow Method
4.1.2 The Cone Shell Method
4.1.3 The Chevron Method
4.2 Stockpile Management
5.0 Effect of Storage
5.1 Long-Term Storage
5.2 Short-Term Storage
6.0 Preventing Spontaneous Ignition
7.0 References

Chapter 5: General Properties
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Sampling
2.1 Methods
2.2 In Situ Sampling
2.3 Ex-Situ Sampling
3.0 Proximate Analysis
3.1 Moisture
3.2 Natural Bed Moisture
3.3 Volatile Matter
3.4 Ash
3.5 Fixed Carbon
4.0 Ultimate Analysis
4.1 Carbon and Hydrogen
4.2 Nitrogen
4.3 Oxygen
4.4 Sulfur
4.5 Chlorine
4.6 Mercury
4.7 Trace Elements
5.0 Calorific Value
6.0 Reporting Coal Analyses
7.0 References

Chapter 6: Physical, Mechanical, and Thermal Properties
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Physical Properties
2.1 Coal Type
2.2 Density
2.3 Porosity and Surface Area
3.0 Mechanical Properties
3.1 Strength
3.2 Hardness
3.3 Friability
3.4 Grindability
3.5 Dustiness Index
4.0 Thermal Properties
4.1 Heat Capacity
4.2 Thermal Conductivity
4.3 Plastic and Agglutinating Properties
4.4 Agglomerating Index
4.5 Free Swelling Index
4.6 Ash Fusion Temperature
5.0 Epilogue
6.0 References

Chapter 7: Combustion
1.0 Introduction
2.0 General Aspects
2.1 Coal Devolatilization and Combustion of Volatile Matter
2.2 Char Combustion
3.0 Chemistry and Physics
3.1 Influence of Coal Quality
3.2 Mechanism
3.3 Ignition
3.4 Surface Effects
3.5 Reaction Rates
3.6 Heat Balance
3.7 Soot Formation
3.8 Conduction, Convection, and Radiation
3.9 Slagging and Fouling
3.10 Additives and Catalysts
3.11 Excess Air
3.12 Coal/Air Transport
4.0 Catalytic Combustion
5.0 Fuels
5.1 Coal
5.2 Coal Blends
5.3 Coal-Oil Fuels
5.4 Coal-Water Fuels
5.5 Coal-Biomass Fuels
6.0 References

Chapter 8: Combustion Systems
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Combustion Systems
2.1 Stoker Systems
2.2 Fixed Bed Systems
2.2.1 Fixed and Moving Grate Systems
2.2.2 Up-Draught Combustion
2.2.3 Down-Draught Combustion
2.3 Fluidized Bed Systems
2.4 Entrained Systems
2.5 Miscellaneous Systems
2.5.1 Advanced Power Systems
2.5.2 Colloidal Fuel-Fired Units
2.5.3 Ignifluid System
2.5.4 Submerged Combustion Systems
2.5.5 Suspension Bed Combustion
3.0 Fuel Feeders
4.0 References

Chapter 9: Gasification
1.0 Introduction
2.0 General Aspects
2.1 Coal Devolatilization
2.2 Char Gasification
3.0 Chemistry and Physics
3.1 Influence of Coal Quality
3.2 Mechanism
3.3 Primary Gasification
3.4 Secondary Gasification
3.5 Shift Conversion
3.6 Hydrogasification
4.0 Catalytic Gasification
5.0 Plasma Gasification
6.0 Gasification Systems
6.1 Fixed Bed Gasifier
6.2 Fluidized Bed gasifier
6.3 Entrained-Bed Gasifier
6.4 Molten Salt Gasifier
7.0 Gaseous Products
7.1 Low Btu Gas
7.2 Medium Btu Gas
7.3 High Btu Gas
7.4 Methane
7.5 Hydrogen
7.6 Other Products
8.0 Gasification of Coal with Biomass and Waste
8.1 Biomass
8.2 Waste
8.3 Reactors
9.0 Underground Gasification
10.0 References

Chapter 10: Gasification Systems
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Fixed-Bed Processes
2.1 Foster Wheeler Stoic Process
2.2 Lurgi Process
2.3 Wellman Galusha Process
2.4 Woodall-Duckham Process
3.0 Fluidized-Bed Processes
3.1 Agglomerating Burner Process
3.2 Carbon Dioxide Acceptor Process
3.3 Coalcon Process
3.4 COED/COGAS Process
3.5 Exxon Catalytic Gasification Process
3.6 Hydrane Process
3.7 Hygas Process
3.8 Pressurized Fluid-Bed Process
3.9 Synthane Process
3.10 U-Gas Process
3.11 Winkler Process
4.0 Entrained-Bed Processes
4.1 Bi-Gas Process
4.2 Combustion Engineering Process
4.3 Koppers-Totzek Process
4.4 Texaco Process
5.0 Molten Salt Processes
5.1 Atgas Process
5.2 Pullman-Kellogg Process
5.3 Rockgas Process
5.4 Rummel Single-Shaft Process
6.0 Underground Gasification
6.1 Borehole Producer Method
6.2 Chamber Method
6.3 Shaftless Methods
6.4 Stream Method
7.0 References

Chapter 11: Electric Power Generation
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Electricity from Coal
2.1 Conventional Power Plant
2.1.1 Coal Transport and Delivery
2.1.2 Fuel Preparation
2.1.3 Feed-Water Heating and De-Aeration
3.0 Steam Generation
3.1 The Steam Generator
3.2 The Steam Turbines and the Electrical Generator
3.3 Steam Condensing and Cooling Towers
3.4 Supercritical Steam Generators
4.0 Control of Emissions
4.1 Carbon Dioxide Emissions
4.2 Particulate Matter Emissions
4.3 Sulfur Dioxide Emissions
4.4 Mercury Emissions
5.0 Power Plant Efficiency
6.0 Combined Cycle Generation
6.1 Cogeneration
6.2 IGCC Technology
7.0 Steam Generation
8.0 References

Chapter 12: Gas Cleaning
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Environmental Legislation
3.0 General Aspects
4.0 Air Pollution Control Devices
4.1 Nitrogen Oxide Emissions
4.2 Sulfur Oxide Emissions
5.0 Particulate Matter Removal
5.1 Electrostatic Precipitators
5.2 Fabric Filters
5.3 Granular-Bed Filters
5.4 Scrubbers Systems
5.4.1 Wet Systems
5.4.2 Dry Systems
5.4.3 Semi-Dry Systems
5.5 Cyclones
6.0 Acid Gas Removal
7.0 Removal of Sulfur-Containing Gases
8.0 Removal of Nitrogen-Containing Gases
9.0 References

Chapter 13: Environmental Aspects of Power Generation
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Preparation
2.1 Water Treatment
2.2 Dust Control
2.3 Noise Control
2.4 Recent Legislation
3.0 Transportation and Storage
3.1 Transportation
3.2 Storage
4.0 Combustion
4.1 Effect of Coal Type
4.2 Gaseous Effluents
4.2.1 Carbon Emissions
4.2.2 Sulfur Oxides
4.2.3 Nitrogen Oxides
5.0 Gasification
6.0 Power Plant Waste
6.1 Ash
6.1.1 Fly Ash
6.1.2 Bottom Ash
6.1.3 Bottom Slag
6.1.4 Properties and Uses of Ash and Slag
6.2 Flue Gas Desulfurization Waste
6.3 Waste Heat
7.0 The Future
8.0 References

Chapter 14: Clean Coal Technologies for Power Generation
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Historical Perspectives
3.0 Modern Perspectives
4.0 Clean Coal Technology
4.1 Precombustion Cleaning
4.1.1 Physical Cleaning
4.1.2 Chemical/Biological Cleaning
4.1.3 Fuel Switching
4.2 Cleaning During Combustion
4.2.1 Advanced Combustion
4.2.2 Fluidized-Bed Combustion
4.3 Post-Combustion Cleaning
4.3.1 Sulfur Oxide Emissions
4.3.2 Nitrogen Oxide Emissions
4.3.3 Fly Ash Emissions
4.3.4 Mercury
4.3.5 Particulate Matter
4.3.6 Advanced Post-Combustion Cleaning
4.4 Conversion and Added-Value Products
4.4.1 Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle Systems
4.4.2 Mild Gasification
4.4.3 Coal Liquefaction
4.4.4 Biomass Co-Firing
5.0 Managing Wastes from Coal Use
6.0 Carbon Dioxide Capture and Sequestration
7.0 References

Chapter 15: Coal and Energy Independence
1.0 Introduction
2.0 Energy Security
3.0 National Energy Plan and Coal Utilization
4.0 Electric Power Generation
5.0 Hydrogen from Coal
6.0 Energy Security and Sustainable Development
6.1 Continuing Use of Coal
6.2 Management of Coal Wastes
6.3 Sustainable Development
7.0 References

Conversion Factors

Glossary

Index




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BISAC SUBJECT HEADINGS
TEC031030: TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels
TEC026000: TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mining
TEC009010: TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
 
BIC CODES
THF: Fossil fuel technologies
TTU: Mining technology & engineering
TDCB: Chemical engineering

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Description
BISAC & BIC Codes
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